Choosing the right food in pregnancy
Maximum benefits from the food can be reaped only if the right food is taken in right amounts keeping in mind the various aspects related to pregnancy. It is obvious that one will avoid allergy causing food items even if they are delicious. Including vitamins like folic acid and iron in the diet is a must as it helps in the development of the brain in the baby and preventing abnormalities like spina bifida.
Milk and dairy products in the form of skimmed milk, yoghurt, cheese are essential as these are calcium rich foods that help in the development of the bones in the fetus. Ghee, butter can be avoided as these result in unnecessary weight gain. Non pasteurized milk from the local vendors must be avoided as these may cause bacterial infections.
Cereals, whole grains, pulses must be important inclusion in the diet as they are good source of protein.
Green leafy vegetables are good sources of folic acid, vitamin and fiber beneficial for mother and the baby.
Egg, Fish, meat provides the essential amino acids, but the food must be well cooked to avoid any bacterial infection which may be harmful for the fetus.
Fresh and juicy fruits are the store house of vitamins which maintains the immune system of the expecting mother and fruit juice help in the replenishment of the fluids. Processed and canned juices must be strictly avoided.
Plenty of fluids must be taken, as constipation is a very common problem during pregnancy, due to the fetal pressure on the stomach. Moreover fluids help in preventing the cramps. Drinking water must be pure to avoid any water borne disease.